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Monitoring the pressure of a 20-ton hydraulic press


Monitoring the pressure of a 20-ton hydraulic press

Arduino WorkforceAugust twenty ninth, 2022

Materials testing usually comes right down to breaking stuff and measuring how a lot pressure it took to take action. How a factor breaks is a results of completely different energy properties. There are various various kinds of energy, however mechanical engineers are most involved with tensile, compressive, shear, and torsional energy. The best option to take a look at compressive energy is to squish one thing with a really highly effective press. Element14 Presents’ Clem Mayer bought a 20-ton hydraulic press for that function and used an Arduino to measure its pressure.

Even should you don’t have any store expertise, you’ve most likely seen a hydraulic press in motion in a type of YouTube movies the place they squeeze family objects till they explode in an entertaining approach. This explicit press can exert as much as 20-tons of pressure, which is about as heavy as three elephants. The precise strain will depend on how a lot space that pressure applies to. To calculate the strain on the time of failure, Mayer wants the contact space (which is straightforward to measure forward of time) and the present quantity of pressure that the press is making use of. He collected the strain knowledge utilizing an Arduino Leonardo and a load cell.

A load cell is a kind of pressure sensor made of 4 pressure gauges linked by means of a Wheatstone bridge. Pressure gauges produce resistance that varies based mostly on deformation, which correlates with pressure. Usually they’re inaccurate and require cumbersome calibration, however the Wheatstone bridge makes use of 4 of them and a few intelligent math to simply produce an correct measurement. The output sign is weak, which is why an HX711 amplifier is critical to make the sign usable. The Arduino measures the output from the HX711 utilizing an ADC (analog-to-digital converter) that connects by way of I2C. It then shows the utmost studying on a small LCD display screen. That studying ought to peak simply earlier than the examined object breaks, which tells Mayer the energy of the examined materials. 

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