Balanitis Xerotica Obliterans (BXO) is a chronic, frequently progressive condition that can cause urethral stenosis and phimosis, impairing both sexual and urinary function. Although they have a limited application, steroid creams are frequently followed by surgical intervention.
How widespread is balanitis Xerotica obliterans?
How widespread is BXO? It’s uncommon to have balanitis xerotica obliterans. Less than 5% of boys and men are affected. Boys with autoimmune disorders or atopic diseases like asthma and eczema are slightly more likely to have the condition, but only a small percentage of these boys are actually affected.
Does BXO cause cancer?
However, there is a chance that these abnormal changes could develop into cancer if they are left untreated. Balanitis xerotica obliterans and penile intraepithelial neoplasia (PeIN) are the two most prevalent precancerous conditions of the penis (BXO)
Is BXO a form of autoimmunity?
Since Stuhmer first described a case of BXO in 1928, there have been advancements in our knowledge of the disease’s pathogenesis and in our ability to use electron microscopy, which have made it possible to establish the autoimmune nature of this illness.
Is balanitis an STD?
Balanitis can have infectious etiologies from various bacteria, viruses, and fungi, such as yeast (including those that cause STDs such as gonorrhea). A sexually transmitted infection is not balanitis.
Can balanitis be treated?
Males who have not undergone circumcision are more prone to developing balanitis, a treatable condition. Balanitis’s primary symptoms are pain and swelling on the penile head. Antifungal creams, antibiotics, better personal hygiene, and, in some cases, circumcision are frequently used as treatments.
How long does balanitis last?
Balanitis can be treated with antibiotic creams and pills and is typically not a serious condition. Most cases of balanitis resolve three to five days after treatment begins. However, if untreated, it might worsen or lead to other health issues.
Can a circumcised person contract BXO?
Due to BXO not being recognized at the time of surgery, many cases of BXO occurring after circumcision may be secondary phimosis cases. Even though BXO cases can occur at extremely young or old ages, the majority of cases are seen in the third to fifth decades of life.
BXO and erectile dysfunction:
Secrest claimed that the general appearance of men with BXO prompted him to think about systemic testosterone. In addition to systemic complaints like fatigue and a lack of sex drive, which are signs of hypogonadism, many of these men complained of erectile dysfunction.
Is balanitis cured by circumcision?
By surgically removing the foreskin layer from the penis, circumcision significantly lowers the risk of infection and inflammation and effectively treats balanitis.