Sunday, September 25, 2022
HomeNanotechnologyUnderstanding friction, the unavoidable enemy -- ScienceDaily

Understanding friction, the unavoidable enemy — ScienceDaily


For machines with mechanical components, friction is an unavoidable enemy. It’s a main supply of service failure and may scale back the lifespan of any equipment, from bicycles and automobiles to airplanes and meeting traces.

New analysis led by the College of Pittsburgh unveils the atomic-scale friction of a single tungsten asperity, or tough edge, in actual time, exhibiting atomic movement for the primary time with electron microscopy. The work, accomplished by two labs within the Swanson College of Engineering, was just lately revealed within the journal Nature Nanotechnology.

“Till now, nobody has been capable of truly see the atomically resolved friction course of with a clear-cut interface, so the connection between the friction mechanisms and the interface hasn’t been absolutely understood,” mentioned Guofeng Wang, CNG College Fellow and professor of mechanical engineering and supplies science, whose lab collaborated on this work. “On this research, we had been capable of truly see the sliding pathway of interface atoms and the dynamic pressure and stress evolution on the interface that has solely beforehand been proven by simulations.”

Wang’s group collaborated with now-retired John Swanson Endowed Professor Scott X. Mao’s analysis group within the Swanson College to offer the primary visualization of friction on the atomic scale. Utilizing a high-resolution transmission electron microscope, Mao’s group was capable of truly view the motion of atoms throughout the floor when two surfaces made contact and moved. Wang’s group was then in a position to make use of their pc simulations to confirm what the microscopic visualizations confirmed and perceive extra concerning the forces at play.

Although this research targeted on tungsten atoms due to their excessive resistance to the microscope’s warmth, the strategy may be utilized to any materials to know friction and put on.

“What we discovered is that irrespective of how clean and clear the floor is, friction nonetheless happens on the atomic stage. It is utterly unavoidable,” mentioned Wang. “Nonetheless, this data can result in higher lubricants and supplies to attenuate friction and put on as a lot as potential, extending the lifetime of mechanical methods.”

The paper, “Atomic-scale friction between single-asperity contacts unveiled by means of in situ transmission electron microscopy,” was led by just lately graduated PhD pupil Xiang Wang and post-doctoral researcher Zhenyu Liu. It was co-authored by Yang He, Susheng Tan, Guofeng Wang and Scott X. Mao. This work was supported by the Nationwide Science Basis (NSF CMMI 1824816).

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Supplies offered by College of Pittsburgh. Observe: Content material could also be edited for fashion and size.

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