What is an autologous bone marrow transplant?

Pay attention to how it sounds. (ah-TAH-luh-gus bone) A procedure in which a patient’s healthy stem cells (blood-forming cells) are extracted from the bone marrow prior to treatment, saved, and then given back to the patient following treatment.

What percentage of autologous stem cell transplants succeed?

Salvage chemotherapy, high-dose chemotherapy, and autologous stem cell transplantation (ASCT), which has a 5-year progression-free survival rate of between 50% and 60%, are the standard treatments for relapsed and primary refractory HL.

How are autologous transplants carried out?

transplant of autologous stem cells. (Step 1) The patient’s blood is drawn from an arm vein and passed through an apheresis machine to remove the stem cells. A vein in the other arm receives the remaining blood. (Step 2): Chemotherapy is administered to the patient to eradicate cancer cells.

What distinguishes an allogeneic from an autologous bone marrow transplant?

Auto: the Latin word for self. The patient is their own donor in autologous transplants because the stem cells come from the same person who will receive the transplant. Allogeneic is short for other. In allogeneic transplants, stem cells from a donor—either a matched related or unrelated donor—instead of the patient are used.

How long after an autologous stem cell transplant can you live?

After transplantation, 19 patients (n=60%) experienced total remission. Patients had an average survival time of 29.8 months after transplantation after a median follow-up of 25.1 months.

How long does it take to recover from a transplant of autologous stem cells?

It can take two to three weeks to recover from a peripheral blood stem cell or donated bone marrow transplant, for example. Engraftment of cord blood can take 3-5 weeks. Recovery from an autologous stem cell transplant takes about ten days.

What symptoms did the autologous stem cell transplant cause?

Recovery from my autologous stem cell transplant I was initially in good health, albeit a little queasy and exhausted. I was incredibly exhausted after four or five days. I stayed on my couch and only occasionally left for the lab work. My condition worsened after seven days and I started to lose my hair.

What adverse reactions can an autologous stem cell transplant cause?

A funny taste in the mouth, chills, facial flushing, nausea and vomiting, headaches, and changes in blood pressure and breathing are rare side effects that patients may occasionally experience. For the first 24 hours after the transplant, your urine may also have a red tint to it.

How long is a stem cell transplant hospital stay?

If you are having an autologous stem cell transplant, you will spend about 3 weeks in the hospital, and if you are having an allogeneic stem cell transplant, you will spend about 4 weeks in the hospital.

How many stem cells do you need to transplant bone marrow?

A laboratory method called “CD34+ cell analysis by flow cytometry” is used to calculate the number. A transplant requires a minimum of 2 million CD34+ cells per kilogram of body weight to be completed safely. Up until the desired number of stem cells is collected, the stem cell collection process is carried out every day.